Speculative Trading: Why Do Investors Speculate On Forex Currencies?

Speculative Trading: Why Do Investors Speculate On Forex Currencies? 

If you buy a piece of property that actually has gold, your investment could really pay off big time. But if there’s no gold, you also lose big. Speculative trading is no different. The prospect of patient long-term gains doesn’t satisfy every investor, right? This is where speculators come in; they speculate on future market movements. Although speculation carries high risks, there’s also a chance for massive gains! 

What is Speculative Trading? 

Speculative trading, also known as speculation, involves buying or selling financial instruments such as stocks, currencies, commodities, or derivatives based on the belief or hearsay that their value will increase. If your prediction proves accurate, you’ll make a profit; if not, you’ll face losses, perhaps even a substantial amount. While some speculators strike it rich with one successful trade, most end up losing their entire fortunes. 

The key determinant of a speculative trading strategy isn’t your status or financial resources, but rather the level of risk you’re willing to undertake. A speculator can either go long or short on an asset, indicating their anticipation of the price rising or falling. 

Successful speculation demands consistent attention to rapidly changing short-term factors, even though even experts often err in their forecasts. As these transactions aren’t influenced by current news events, many investors perceive them as more perilous compared to other investment avenues. 

Is Forex Market Speculative? 

Yes, Forex trading is speculative in nature. Forex speculation involves buying and selling currencies with the goal of maximizing profits. Traders assess the market’s direction before executing their trades, but success is never guaranteed, and losses can occur. 

The Forex market is known for its high liquidity and dynamic nature. Price fluctuations, driven by news and short-term events, present numerous trading opportunities throughout the day. Moreover, leveraged trading has empowered individual retail traders to participate in the world of Forex. 

What is Speculative Forex Trading? 

Speculative traders don’t follow regular market cycles; instead, they use their systems to predict forex price movements. Tactics include short-term trading, hedging, and chart pattern recognition.  

Skilled speculators utilize fundamental analysis to identify undervalued assets and analyze economic indicators. They also consider world events’ impact on short-term market movements, such as conflicts affecting oil prices or eurozone figures influencing forex markets.  

Successful speculators possess expertise in market observation, product evaluation, and market sentiment reading. Despite the odds, their proficiency in forex correlations makes speculation a profitable venture.  

Learn Forex Correlations: The impact of Stocks, Gold, Oil, and Bonds on Forex exchange rates! 

Speculative Trading: Why Do Investors Speculate On Forex Currencies?

Example of Speculation in Foreign Exchange Market: 

Suppose a forex trader has a strong belief that Country A’s economy will significantly strengthen in the next few months. This belief is on positive economic indicators, rising exports, and increasing foreign investments. At the same time, the trader foresees a potential economic slowdown in Country B, another major trading partner, due to political instability and lower-than-expected growth. 

Based on this speculation, the trader takes a long position on the currency pair that represents Country A’s currency against Country B’s currency. In simple terms, the trader buys Country A’s currency and sells Country B’s currency. As events unfold and economic data is released, if the trader’s speculations prove correct and Country A’s economy strengthens while Country B faces difficulties, the value of Country A’s currency relative to Country B’s currency will likely increase. 

Once the exchange rate between the two currencies moves in favor of the trader’s position, they can choose to close their position by selling Country A’s currency and buying back Country B’s currency. The difference between the buying price and the selling price represents the trader’s profit from the speculation. 

Consider a forex trader speculates that the USD will strengthen against the JPY due to the United States' robust economic growth and Japan's economic challenges. They take a long position on USD/JPY, buying 10,000 USD at the exchange rate of 110.00 (1 USD = 110.00 JPY). Weeks later, the exchange rate rises to 112.00, and the trader closes the position, making a 20,000 JPY profit (10,000 USD * 112.00 JPY/USD - 1,100,000 JPY initial investment). 

If you’re new to forex trading, look no further than this Forex for Beginners guide. It’s the perfect way to kickstart your journey into the exciting world of forex! 

Speculation vs Trading vs Investment: What’s The Difference?  

Making money in the financial markets can be achieved through various approaches, namely investing, speculating, and trading. Each method differs in its approach and level of risk. Here are the distinctions between these three approaches: 


Speculators seek to attain abnormally high returns by taking bets that can go either way. Speculative traders often utilize CFDs, futures, options, and short selling strategies, dealing with assets that Warren Buffett avoids. This activity entails engaging in risky financial transactions with the expectation of making enormous profits based on fluctuations in the market value of assets.  


Trading involves buying and selling securities with the aim of making a profit. Traders frequently use technical analysis to identify trends and patterns in the market. The focus of trading is on short-term profits gained from smaller trends. Decision making in trading relies on the analysis of market trends, news, and other relevant factors. 


Investors adopt a systematic approach to build their wealth by acquiring assets with reasonable risk levels, aiming for long-term growth. The primary goal of investing is to generate income or appreciation in the future. Investors aim to achieve satisfactory returns on their capital by assuming an average or below-average amount of risk. Investors typically hold their assets for an extended period, anticipating gradual value appreciation over time. 

In summary, investing entails a long-term strategy with moderate risk for gradual growth, while speculating is a short-term, high-risk strategy pursued to achieve extraordinary returns. Trading involves buying and selling securities to make profits, primarily in the short-term. 

Why CFD Trading is the Most Popular Form of Speculation! 

CFDs, or contracts for difference, offer a means of speculating on price movements without the need to own the underlying assets. Leveraged CFD trading grants you exposure to larger positions without upfront commitment to the full cost. It allows you to speculate on price movements in both directions.  

While a traditional trade benefits from market price increases, CFD trading lets you open a position that profits from a decrease in the underlying market – this is known as selling or ‘going short’. Whether you go long or short, profits and losses are realized once the trade is closed. 

You don’t want to miss this! Is CFD Trading the Cheapest Way to Buy Stocks, Crypto, and Gold? 

Forex Trader Income: How Much Can You Earn from Forex Trading?

How to Speculate in the Forex Market?  

When it comes to a speculative trading strategy, the key determinant is not your identity or financial status, but rather your appetite for risk. There are three primary styles within speculative trading: scalping, day trading, and swing trading. These styles vary in terms of how long trades are held. 

Scalping Strategy: 

Scalping is a rapid speculative trading style. Scalpers make trades within seconds, sometimes in opposite directions. Instant decision-making is crucial for success. Impatient traders expect immediate profits and exit if the trade goes against them. Scalping demands focus and concentration, not suitable for the easily distracted. If you get easily sidetracked, scalping may not be for you. 

Day Trading Strategy: 

Day trading is perfect for those speculators who like to start and finish their forex speculation within the same day. That’s you if you’re the type who starts painting your kitchen and won’t hit the sack until the job is done. A lot of intraday speculators wouldn’t even consider making swing or position trades. They just wouldn’t be able to sleep at night knowing they had intraday speculation that could be affected by price movements during the night. 

Swing Trading Strategy: 

Swing trading is an ideal strategy for speculators who possess the necessary patience to wait for trades yet seek quick profits soon after entering them. Unlike day trading, swing traders hold their speculations overnight. Therefore, if you are likely to feel anxious about holding stock speculation while being away from a computer, swing trading may not be the right style for you.  

It is important to note that swing trading typically requires a wider stop-loss compared to day trading. The ability to remain calm when speculation goes against you is crucial for success in this approach. 

What are the Benefits and Risks of Forex Speculation?   

Similar to any financial trading or investment, forex speculation presents a range of advantages and risks. To provide you with an overview, here are some key benefits and disadvantages to consider: 

Benefits Risks 
High Returns Potential: Forex markets
offer significant profit opportunities with
price movements, aided by leverage. 
High Volatility: Exchange rate fluctuations
can lead to substantial losses due to
economic, geopolitical, and market factors. 
Market Liquidity: High liquidity ensures
easy entry and exit from positions, even with
large trading volumes. 
Leverage Risks: Amplified profits with
leverage also increase the potential for
significant losses if not managed properly. 
24/5 Trading: Forex operates 24/5, enabling
traders from different time zones to
participate conveniently. 
Market Manipulation: The decentralized
forex market may be susceptible to market
manipulation and insider trading. 
Diversification: Forex provides portfolio
diversification, especially for those heavily
invested in traditional assets. 
Emotional Bias: Emotions like fear
and greed can lead to impulsive
decisions, affecting forex
trading outcomes. 
Low Trading Costs: Forex trading
involves low transaction costs,
mainly in the form of small spreads. 
Overnight Risks: Holding positions
overnight can expose traders to
unexpected events and price gaps
at market open. 

Popular Strategies for Speculative Trading 

Speculators have a plethora of trading options at their disposal. Among the most popular strategies are price action trading, where every move matters, and the clever use of stop loss orders to safeguard against devastating losses. Another intriguing approach is pattern trading, a treasure hunt for trending opportunities based on historical asset performance. But beware! While some patterns offer relative safety, others take on that daring edge, chasing higher profits and greater risks. 

To shield themselves from unwanted pitfalls, speculators rely on stop-loss orders to curb losses when the tides turn against them. Additionally, hedging strategy also shines as a protective shield when venturing into the wild price swings of volatile assets. 

Is Speculative Trading as simple as it seems to be? 

Attempting to beat the market is like trying to beat a casino – extremely challenging. Profitable speculators may work for firms that provide training and tools. Independent speculators must dedicate significant time to research and learning complex tactics. 

3 Questions to Ask Yourself In Economic Crisis and Job Stress

Speculation is gaining popularity due to online brokerage accessibility. Practice virtual trading in a demo account before using real money. When comparing, it is evident that opting for a more passive approach, such as long-term capital gains, is likely to yield superior results. 

free online forex course