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Learn Forex: Fundamentals of Trading in Foreign Exchange Market

Understanding the fundamentals of trading requires acquiring the essential knowledge of forex terminologies and investing strategies. The market of forex is the biggest investment market with the highest liquidity and volume which allows all types of investors to indicate opportunities and seek profit. Initially, currency value fluctuations are based on various economic, political, and environmental factors. The foreign exchange market for instance is enormous with an average daily turnover ranging around $6.6 Trillion US Dollars. The forex market managed to gain positive traction because of its liquidity as it allows traders to grab more trading opportunities.

Traders go through due diligence in interpreting and analyzing price movements in executing trading decisions. Among others, the two popular types of analysis are technical and fundamental. Technical analysis is a study of the price movement through a historical perspective wherein traders look at previous price patterns to determine future actions. Fundamental analysis approaches trades in perspective to economic, social, and political forces that may influence currency prices and trigger potential trading opportunities.

Fake and Real

Fundamentals are one of the most important elements that traders utilize to execute well-informed actions. In today’s time and technology, most traders gather information through websites and other sources that offer updates and events that may influence the forex market. Due to the limitless reach of information, it is not unusual to stumble upon fabrications that may cause a negative impact on both sellers and buyers. Be responsible for fact-checking, validating, and verifying information before executing orders.

Learn Forex: Fundamentals of Trading in Foreign Exchange Market

Involvement and Fear

Technically speaking, it is impossible for traders to interfere with general market forces, however, there is a possibility for temporary fluctuations due to institutional involvements. Back in 2002 there was an incident involving the Bank of Japan wherein the fear of USD depreciation influenced them to purchase a huge amount of US Dollars to protect their export industries. Due to this impulse to purchase USD made a jump of 150 pips within minutes of executing the order. The notable lesson from this incident is not the amount but rather the fear and emotional reaction that caused a market movement.

Following the Majority

Traders occasionally make the common misconception of following the crowd because it gives them a sense that the “majority is always right”. It is not always wrong; however, traders do not realize that it may only work for a short period of time at the beginning of a trend. Taking advantage of such a movement is possible but it requires validating news and verifying technicalities to uncover the real reason for a market movement.

Traders should separate their emotions and focus on technical and fundamental aspects when making trading decisions. It is encouraged to devise and adhere to a concrete plan and strategy to prevent false interpretations due to impulse reactions. By keeping facts and technicalities in check traders can be assured that they are acting from a technical and fundamental perspective.

Actions come with accountability and it is best to avoid any pursuance without full confidence. The forex market is a limitless pool of opportunities, be patient, stay wise and keep a good risk to reward ratio to fully excel and flourish in the trading world.

The 3 Ways to Trade Forex

Fundamentally, the main misconception of forex trading is that it is about exchanging currencies. However, the purpose of FX trading is to speculate about future price movements of currency pairs or metals such as Gold and Silver. It is more like CFDs and stock trading which is based on price movements in the future. Typically, the fundamentals of forex trading are based on buying currencies whose values might increase relative to other currencies or selling currencies which is estimated to decrease. This might differ based on market analysis and timeframe and many other factors.

There are 3 different ways to trade forex, which present the trading strategies set of goals:

  • The spot market. This is the main forex market where the currency pairs are traded based on real-time exchange rates which is detemined by liquidity, and the changes in supply and demand.
  • The forward market. This type of trading is when forex trades are carried based on binding contracts. Unlike spot market instand execution, forex traders can also enter into a privatetrade with other traders based on agreed rate on a future date.
  • The futures market. in the future market traders can join standard contracts to trade a predetermined volume of a currency at a specific price in the future. This type of market is intitated on an exchange rather than private contract.

Basically, the forward and futures markets are initially common for forex traders who want to generate profit from future price changes in a currency pair, cryptocurrencies, or gold. Eventually, the spot market is the one that determines the price changes and it is the biggest market in the financial world. In addition, forex traders are required to understand the fundamentals of the financial markets and the effect on economical reports on the spot market and futures market.


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